Branches of Human Anatomy – Gross, Surface, Clinical & Other

Branches of human anatomy - Gross anatomy - surface anatomy - histology - embryology

Human anatomy is divided into various branches to make the process of learning and understanding easy and effective.

It includes Gross anatomy, Living anatomy, embryology, Histology, surface anatomy, and clinical anatomy.

Gross anatomy:

Gross anatomy is the most important branch of human anatomy It deals with the study of the gross structure of the human body.

It concerned with macroscopic details of human body structure, so it does not require the aid of any instrument.

It is generally done by naked eyes on dead bodies therefore it is also known as cadaveric anatomy.

Gross anatomy has two approaches for its study:- i.e. Systemic Approach and Regional Approach.

In systemic approach, different human body systems are studied. And in a regional approach, Different regions of the human body are studied and this approach is important for the surgery.

The human body systems have been explained in the content of the various systems of the human body.

Living anatomy:

Living anatomy is the study of structures of living bodies by inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation.

We can also use the scopes for direct visualization like auto scope for visualization of external ear and bronchoscope for the views of airways and detect any abnormalities.


Embryology is the branch of human anatomy which is known as the developmental anatomy.

It deals with the study of prenatal development of an organism…


Microscopic anatomy is studied by the use of microscopes. It is divided into two categories cytology and histology.

Cytology is the microscopic study of cells of the human body  and histology is the microscopic study of tissues of the human body.

For a medical student, Microscopic anatomy is one of the most important concepts to learn and understand.

It forms the basis of understanding the various subjects like pathology microbiology, hematology & medicine, etc.

To become an expert in these areas of medical science, one has to deeply learn the concepts of microscopic anatomy.

Surface anatomy:

Surface anatomy is basically the study that comprises the parts of the human body in relation to the surface.

In this, you understand the relations that exist between the deeper parts of the human body and the skin.

This study is extremely important for surgical practice & pathologists where most of the body structures need to be located from the surface of the body.

It is also known as topographic anatomy.

Clinical anatomy:

Clinical anatomy is concerned with the correlation to structure and function.

This branch of anatomy basically comprises the practical aspect of human anatomy and is of supreme importance for medical and healthcare professionals.

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