44 Difference Between Ayurveda and Siddha Medicine

44 Difference Between Ayurveda and Siddha Medicine

The Indian traditional healing systems Ayurveda and Siddha Medicine continue to influence healthcare. They differ in philosophy, ideals, and practises despite certain commonalities.

As “knowledge of life,” Ayurveda is a comprehensive medicine that has been practised for over 5,000 years. The body and mind are interrelated, and health is accomplished by balancing the three doshas—Vata (air and space), Pitta (fire and water), and Kapha (earth and water). Herbal medicines, food changes, yoga, and meditation may restore equilibrium in Ayurveda. Ayurveda customises remedies to each patient’s Prakriti.

Siddha Medicine, rooted in ancient Tamil culture, emphasises “Pancha Bhoota,” the five elements: earth, water, fire, air, and space. Natural ingredients, minerals, and herbs are used by Siddha practitioners to restore balance and heal ailments. Mantra chanting and meditation are part of Siddha Medicine. Siddha Medicine focuses on the ailment rather than your constitution, unlike Ayurveda.

Different histories are another factor. Ayurveda has affected many traditional medicinal systems worldwide, whereas Siddha Medicine thrives in southern India, notably Tamil Nadu. In order to determine dosha imbalance, Ayurveda uses pulse diagnosis (Nadi Pariksha), tongue examination, and patient history, whereas Siddha Medicine uses pulse diagnosis, physical tests, and astrological considerations. Both Ayurveda and Siddha Medicine contain a vast herbal pharmacopoeia, however the plants and preparations vary.

Ayurveda and Siddha Medicine are two ancient Indian healing systems. Siddha Medicine balances the five elements and adds spirituality, whereas Ayurveda emphasises dosha balance and individualised care. Understand the distinctions between these systems to pick the ideal one for your health and fitness needs.




Siddha Medicine



Originated in ancient India

Originated in ancient South India


Historical Texts

Main texts include Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita

Main texts include Siddha Vaidya Thirattu, Siddha Vaidya Keelakam



Focuses on balance of doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha)

Emphasizes the balance of 72 fundamental elements (Marutham, Neithal, etc.)


Fundamental Elements

Based on 5 elements (earth, water, fire, air, ether)

Based on 96 basic elements (oru, rendu, moonu, etc.)



Uses pulse diagnosis (Nadi Pariksha)

Uses pulse diagnosis (Nadi Pariksha)


Treatment Approach

Holistic approach to health and well-being

Holistic approach to health and well-being


Herbal Medicines

Relies heavily on herbal medicines

Utilizes herbs and minerals extensively


Metal and Mineral Use

Limited use of metals and minerals

Extensive use of metals and minerals



Incorporates Panchakarma therapies

Utilizes various therapies like Varmam, Thokkanam, etc.


Dietary Guidelines

Emphasizes dietary guidelines based on dosha types

Recommends specific diets based on individual prakriti (constitution)


Medicinal Formulations

Uses decoctions, powders, oils, and pills

Uses various preparations including parpam, chendooram, lehiyam, etc.


Focus on Prakriti

Considers individual constitution (Prakriti)

Considers individual constitution (Prakriti)


Pulse Diagnosis

Important in diagnosis and treatment

Important in diagnosis and treatment


Astrology Influence

May consider astrological factors

Less emphasis on astrology in treatment


Herbal Combination

Often combines herbs based on dosha imbalances

Combines herbs based on elemental principles


Siddha Metals

Limited use of metals like gold and silver

Uses mercury, arsenic, and other metals extensively


Siddha Materia Medica

Contains unique Siddha medicinal substances

Includes rare and unique Siddha medicinal substances


Traditional Healers

Practiced by Vaidyas and Ayurvedic physicians

Practiced by Siddhars and traditional Siddha healers


Body Constitution Types

Three dosha-based body types (Vata, Pitta, Kapha)

Eight body types based on elements (Ainthinai)


Disease Classification

Classifies diseases into Tridosha categories

Classifies diseases based on elemental imbalances


Mantras and Prayers

May use mantras and prayers in healing

Incorporates mantras and prayers in healing


Yoga Integration

Integrates yoga for health and balance

Emphasizes yoga for overall well-being


Medicinal Oils

Uses herbal oils for massage and treatments

Utilizes specific Siddha medicinal oils


Marma Points

Acknowledges Marma points for therapy

Utilizes Marma points in therapeutic techniques


Pulse Variation

Focuses on variations in pulse diagnosis

Emphasizes unique pulse characteristics


Panchamahabhuta Theory

Utilizes five elements theory (Panchamahabhuta)

Extends elemental theory with 96 elements


Prana and Ojas

Considers Prana (life force) and Ojas (vital essence)

Considers vital energy and Oorja (vitality)


Detoxification Methods

Utilizes Panchakarma for detoxification

Has its detoxification methods


Scientific Validation

Gaining recognition in modern medicine

Less recognized in modern medical science


Language of Texts

Primarily in Sanskrit and regional languages

Primarily in Tamil and Siddha-specific terminology


Treatment Duration

Treatment durations vary widely

Treatment durations often lengthy


Ayurvedic Massage

Utilizes Abhyanga massage

Has its unique massage techniques


Siddha Meditation

May incorporate specific Siddha meditation practices

May include meditation for holistic healing


Geriatric Medicine

Addresses geriatric care

Offers specialized care for the elderly


Legal Recognition

Recognized by the Government of India

Gaining recognition in some regions


Geographic Focus

Practiced worldwide

Mainly practiced in South India


Modern Integration

Integrated into some modern healthcare systems

Limited integration into modern healthcare


Practitioner Training

Requires formal Ayurvedic education

Requires specialized Siddha training


Global Awareness

Gaining popularity globally

Less well-known outside South Asia


Clinical Research

Growing body of clinical research

Limited clinical research available


Patents and Formulations

Some Ayurvedic formulations patented

Some Siddha formulations patented


Healthcare Settings

Offered in Ayurvedic hospitals and clinics

Provided in traditional Siddha clinics


Focus on Pulse Therapy

Emphasizes pulse therapy (Nadi Pariksha)

Focuses on pulse therapy for diagnosis


Holistic Health System

Part of India’s traditional holistic healthcare system

Integral part of Tamil culture and healthcare system


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: What distinguishes Ayurveda from Siddha Medicine?

Philosophical principles and treatment methods distinguish Ayurveda and Siddha Medicine. Ayurveda balances doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha) to sustain health, while Siddha Medicine balances Pancha Bhoota (earth, water, fire, air, and space). In addition, Ayurveda emphasises individual constitution (Prakriti), whereas Siddha Medicine concentrates on treating particular illnesses.

Q2: How do Ayurveda and Siddha diagnose illness?

For dosha imbalance diagnosis in Ayurveda, Nadi Pariksha (pulse diagnosis), tongue examination, and a complete medical history are used. However, Siddha Medicine diagnoses ailments using pulse diagnostics, physical exams, and astrology. Both techniques diagnose pulses, but their approaches differ.

Q3: Are Ayurvedic and Siddha herbal medicines the same?

Ayurveda and Siddha Medicine use herbs, however their formulas and ingredients vary. Siddha Medicine uses herbs and minerals, whereas Ayurveda uses a wide range of herbs and formulas. Each system’s concepts and philosophies and the patient’s condition determine the treatment.

Q4: Where are these traditional healing techniques popular?

Indian and international Ayurveda is widely practised. It inspired many traditional therapeutic techniques. Siddha Medicine is mostly practised in Tamil Nadu and the south. Siddha Medicine is more localised, but Ayurveda is universal.

Q5: Do these systems use spirituality in healing?

While Ayurveda and Siddha Medicine include spiritual components in their therapy, the amount and type varies. Yoga and meditation improve mental and physical harmony in Ayurveda. Siddha Medicine treats health conditions using herbs, meditation, mantra chanting, and spiritual ceremonies. Both systems use spiritual elements to create holistic wellbeing.

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